DNA Fitness Test
Fee Schedule for Year 2019
|Test Type||Testing Time||Fee|
|DNA Fitness Test||2 to 4 weeks||RM2980Order Kit|
All orders received before 2pm are shipped out the same business day. All orders received after 2pm or on weekends or holidays are shipped out the following business day. 24/7 online status check and account management available for all tests.
Fitness DNA Test
Physical activity is essential for a healthy body and mind. Cardiovascular (aerobic) exercises elevate the heart rate for an extended period and help to improve heart and lung function. Muscle conditioning exercises increase skeletal muscle strength and improve bone health. A combination of these exercise types help individuals to maintain a healthy lifestyle.
However, whether the goal is to lose weight, improve muscle tone or run a faster marathon, everyone responds differently to exercise. For example, some overweight individuals will lose significant weight by starting a walking or running program. Others may see greater benefits from strength training at the gym. An individual’s upbringing, current lifestyle and genetic variation all contribute to these differences.
Studies show that athletes carry genetic variants that give them an advantage in their choice of athletics. This means the DNA changes that are most prevalent in endurance athletes can be very different from the variants found in sprinters and other power athletes.
An understanding of your genetics can help you identify the sports that you are better suited for. It also gives you a chance to personalize your exercise plan and health goals. The variants included in this panel were studied in Caucasian populations. The same association may not be apparent in other ethnicities.
Genetic variants tested
Endurance is the ability to continue exercising for an extended period. Endurance events include long-distance running, swimming, cycling, mountain climbing and rowing.
Variants Affecting Endurance:
- PPARD – burning fat for energy
- VEGFA – blood vessel formation to improve oxygen supply
- ACE – blood pressure regulation and muscle efficiency
- ADRB2 – turning off the fight or flight response
- PPARA – slow-twitch versus fast-twitch muscle fibres
Power exercises combines strength with speed, applying strength in a quick motion. For example, a sprinter requires strength and speed for a rapid acceleration, while a baseball pitcher requires a very strong arm that can rapidly rotate to pitch as fast as 100 mph!
Variants Affecting Power:
- ACTN3 – the “sprinter” gene
- AGT – blood pressure regulation and growth hormone levels
Strength exercises use resistance to induce muscular contraction, which builds the strength and size of skeletal muscles.
Variants Affecting Muscular Strength:
- ACVR1B – muscle signalling cascade that controls muscle mass and muscle strenght
- IL6 – messenger molecule and contributes to muscle growth
Response to Exercise
Not everyone responds to exercise the same. Some people see greater benefits from endurance training, while others benefit more from strength training.
Your exercise response is influenced by genetic variations of:
- PPARGC1A – aerobic capacity improvements
- PPARD – increases in “good” HDL-cholesterol
- MCT1 – ability to use lactate as an energy source
Motivation, recovery, injury risk and pain tolerance are all influenced by the following genetic variations:
- BDNF – exercise motivation
- CRP – heart rate recovery
- COL1A1 – risk of soft tissue injury
- COL5A1 – risk of Achilles tendinopathy
- COMT – pain tolerance and required morphine dose